faculty

facility, faculty
1. Facility (from Latin facilis meaning ‘easy’) means ‘ease or ready ability to do something, aptitude’:

• Firstborn children have greater verbal facility, and there is evidence that they have more successful relationships with their teachers —Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1973.

It also has a concrete meaning which has proliferated greatly in the 20c, of ‘something that provides an amenity or service’, used in the singular or plural and referring either to the provision of an amenity or to the amenity itself:

• Other recreational facilities include two lighted tennis courts, a swimming pool and a jogging trail —Philadelphia Inquirer, 1976

• You don't need a generously proportioned tub to fit a spa or whirlpool bath facility —Do It Yourself, 1990

• Solihull Council…has set out plans to build a ‘large’ casino at the NEC, although the facility could be built anywhere in the borough —Birmingham Post, 2007.

A common use is in finance and banking, to denote an arrangement such as a loan or overdraft:

• If you want credit, a bank facility is usually better value than even a good dealer can offer —Opera Now, 1990.

2. Faculty means ‘an aptitude or ability to do something’ in the sense of an inborn or inherent power rather than a proficiency developed (for example) by practice. The faculty of language is the natural ability of humans to speak, whereas a facility for language is an individual's particular skill in speaking.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Faculty — Fac ul*ty, n.; pl. {Faculties}. [F. facult?, L. facultas, fr. facilis easy (cf. facul easily), fr. fecere to make. See {Fact}, and cf. {Facility}.] 1. Ability to act or perform, whether inborn or cultivated; capacity for any natural function;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Faculty — may refer to:In education: * Faculty (university), a division of a university or the academic staff of a university * A collective name for the teachers in schools in the United StatesIn other uses: * Faculty (instrument), an instrument or… …   Wikipedia

  • faculty — [fak′əl tē] n. pl. faculties [ME & OFr faculte < L facultas < facilis: see FACILE] 1. Obs. the power to do; ability to perform an action 2. any natural or specialized power of a living organism; sense [the faculty of hearing, speech, etc.]… …   English World dictionary

  • faculty — I (ability) noun ableness, adroitness, aptitude, capability, capacity, cleverness, competence, competency, cunning, deftness, dexterity, enablement, endowment, equipment, expertise, expertness, fitness, flair, gift, handiness, knack, know how,… …   Law dictionary

  • faculty — late 14c., ability, means, resources, from O.Fr. faculté (14c.) skill, accomplishment, learning, and directly from L. facultatem (nom. facultas) power, ability, wealth, from *facli tat s, from facilis (see FACILE (Cf. facile)). Academic sense… …   Etymology dictionary

  • faculty — [n1] ability, skill adroitness, aptitude, aptness, bent, capability, capacity, cleverness, dexterity, facility, flair, forte, genius, gift, instinct, intelligence, knack, knowing way around*, leaning, nose*, peculiarity, penchant, pistol*, power …   New thesaurus

  • faculty — ► NOUN (pl. faculties) 1) an inherent mental or physical power. 2) an aptitude or talent. 3) chiefly Brit. a group of university departments concerned with a major division of knowledge. 4) N. Amer. the teaching or research staff of a university… …   English terms dictionary

  • faculty — noun 1 natural ability of the body/mind ADJECTIVE ▪ higher ▪ the evolution of man s higher faculties ▪ cognitive, intellectual, mental, rational ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • faculty — n. division of a university (esp. BE; CE has school) 1) a faculty of education; law; medicine; science teaching staff (esp. AE) 2) on the faculty (she is on the faculty) 3) a college, university; school faculty 4) the standing ( permanent )… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • faculty — 01. An unknown businessperson has donated over $10 million towards the construction of a new medical [faculty] at the university. 02. Our French professor took the entire class to lunch at the [faculty] club. 03. Chocolate was only accepted by… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • faculty — fac|ul|ty [ˈfækəlti] n plural faculties [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: faculté, from Latin facultas ability ] 1.) a department or group of related departments within a university faculty of ▪ the Faculty of Law ▪ the Engineering Fac …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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